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Ico: A Balance Inbetween Minimalism and Practicality

The thoughts and opinions voiced are those of the writer and not Gamasutra or its parent company.

“The simplest things are often the truest.” -Richard Bach

I like Ico. I truly like Ico. It was the very first time I ever experienced minimalism in a way that was meaningful for me. I can point to this game as the commencing point for what has truly shaped my taste in games and storytelling in general. Ueda’s now well known philosophy of ‘design by subtraction’ has influenced a lot of games and ideas of game presentation since. However, a lesson I think a lot of others don’t talk about is just how practical the game is. Team Ico’s games have shown that they are willing to make concessions to immersion for a better practice and not simply live or die by the ideas of maintaining a unspoiled artistic vision, as some might idealistically think.

What You Don’t Say

What exactly is Minimalism? It’s used not just in games, but visual art, music, literature, and design. All of these are very different in terms of their creation. But at it’s core, Minimalism is about parrying down elements used. In the case of Ico, it seems to have drove most decision making when creating content. There is no HUD, indeed unusual for the time (Altho not the very first. See games like Another World or Alone In The Dark.), the music is used sparingly, only when there is a dramatic purpose for it. Otherwise the game’s audio is all about ambient noises. Very minimal dialogue is used (While this is in tone, there’s also practical reasons why, which I’ll get to later.). Eventually, the controls & gameplay are limited in scope, with only a few moves Ico has and a handful of objects he can manipulate to progress in the game.

The story itself is very nude, with the exception of the beginning and ending cutscenes, and only less than a handful of shorter ones to stir plot points along. You aren’t given much info about who Ico, the horned boy protagonist, other than the presumed assumptions about him being banished from society and coerced to be in the castle . And even less is known about Yorda, the doll you find in a cell and the woman who locked her up isn’t pleased you let her out.

But the best of Ico’s storytelling is in what it doesn’t directly tell you, but leaves it up to you to spot and interpret. Such as the shadow enemies having horns. Are they possibly other horned people who were sacrificed? As well as the further you go in the game, their designs become more human like, and the horn design comes more into concentrate. Raising the point of their evil state and intent coming into question. Particularly when the game embarks to contextual that the shadow enemies will only attack you and never harm Yorda. All of this information coming from the the character design and environment, never through a cutscene or dialogue. It complicates and gives perspective to the previously simplistic narrative being introduced. Of course this is just my own take on it.

When to say “Oh alright I guess.”

Any creative individual, at some moment in the process, has wished to make the purest form of an idea, without influence or considering how it would effect other aspects of the lump they’re working on. Or maybe you’ve desired to expand on themes in a project you’'re working on whether that’s through the art or game direction. But most of the time, you have to make compromises in these areas, especially if you are attempting to make something that might go against the grain. Whether it’s being indeed clever in their overall vision, or just fortunate, Team Ico has done this fairly successfully in their games.

Things like adding a hud or a grip meter in Shadow of the Colossus was a compromise they had to make at the time. While it could break the immersion for some, it was necessary in the end to have something conventional that the player can get feedback for. It also could have drastically switched the actual gameplay itself. Sometimes people get dangled up on the desire to “reinvite the wheel”. While that can be the right mindset, you also have to realize that using attempted and true designs can be a good fallback. It just comes down to finding the right fit.

In Ico, the most clear sign of this was in the final part. For a game that was very much going against a lot of conventions, the orgasm ended in a very tradtional boss fight. But it still introduced an engaging puzzle more so than relying on the use of combat.

Speaking of the combat…most likely Ico’s weakest point, but one I could understand being needed. Without it, there would have been only one interaction set involving Yorda. Watching someone play Ico you can see there is a an occasional visceral emotional reaction when she is being picked up by an enemy, dragged down a slot and needing to pull her out of. It has the potential to make you feel like you want to physically grab her yourself and yell “I’m coming!”

But dialogue isn’t something you’ll hear a lot of in game, or at least you can recognize as both characters speak separate made up languages. This, plays out nicely for both artistic and practical reasons. It instills in the player the concept that neither characters can communicate accurately, therefore providing a logical reason for there not to be a lot of dialogue and questioning it. It also gives slew of negative space for the player to develop their own interpretations of the characters individually and their relationship as a entire.

The final cutscene is another example the two sides compromising that finishes up being used very effectively. Ico is physically knocked out, and being your vessel through the world, you lose control and influence over the situation. You+ are only given control back once Ico wakes up on a beach, having been saved by a shadowy Yorda putting you in a boat while the castle collapses.

This scene in particular, reinforces an significant question to making a game like this. “What do you want the player to feel?”. Alfred Hitchcock used to ask his writers when he worked on a film this question. The context of the story, what the characters are doing, can come 2nd in a lot of cases, as long as you put the concentrate on what the the audience or players are feeling moment to moment.

In games, you can expand on this and create less managed screenplays, but permit for more anecdotal and individual situations that each person can take away with them after they are done playing.. In Ico, I reminisce having a moment after a intense fight with some shadows where Yorda almost was taken a few times. Right after I picked her up, we embarked walking down some stairs, and she instantly tripped and fell on the very first step. It made me think “well she just had a rough go at it a minute ago.”, But at the heart of it was more elaborate emotions having to do with me comprehending what she’s had to go through and how feeble in comparison both her and Ico were individually.. It made me feel empathy for both of them.

Ultimately, the overall concept I take from Ico is, finding a balance inbetween the unspoiled idea and whatever other elements that can be added or subtracted to create a more concentrate and/or meaningful practice.

What makes Ico special, can be added on in retrospect with what Team Ico did with their next game. Shadow of the Colossus is built on the back of Ico’s principles and excels on expanding them. Shadow is seen as a progressive step forward, largely because of it’s improved and focused gameplay. But without Ico as the foundation to build from, that game wouldn’t exist. It’s a game that can still instruct the importance of building up an idea, tearing it down and substituting parts of it.

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